Skin types vary depending upon a combination of factors. They include your skin's water content, which affects your skin's comfort and elasticity.
- Lipid (oil) content, which affects your skin's softness and nutrition
- Level of sensitivity, which affects your skin's tolerance to certain substances
We have compiled an outline to help you to differentiate and identify your skin type and how to take better care of your skin and protect it from daily environmental damage.
If the blotter picks up a small amount of oil on the T-zone, then you have normal skin.
Normal skin is the most ideal, not too dry and not too oily, showing neither flaking skin nor oil. It is characterized by zero to few imperfections, no severe sensitivity, minimally visible pores and a supple, smooth, and even-toned complexion.
Normal skin has a nice balance of moisture and oil, with good elasticity.
If the blotter is clean, but picks up flakes of skin, then you have dry skin.
Dry skin feels tight or taut and tend to have small pores. Because it does not retain enough moisture, it is prone to wrinkles and fine lines. The lack of oil makes the skin flaky and fragile and exposure to external elements such as pollution, UV radiation and extreme weather may result in a dull, rough complexion, and itchy, irritated red patches.
If the blotter has lots of transparent, greasy spots, then you have oily skin.
Oily skin is often associated with large pores and a perennial shine to the face. It is prone to blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes. The skin tends to look “thick” because dead cells do not shed as quickly.
From 35 years on, skin starts to loose tone and elasticity due to diminished production of collagen and hyaluronic acid.
Menopause depletes the body of the hormone estrogen which keeps the body youthful. Fine lines may appear, as well as, dryness and a loss of elasticity.
Products with collagen and elastin are recommended along with vitamin serums for skin rejuvenation. Glycolics are beneficial at smoothing fine lines and wrinkles, texture and eliminating hyperpigmentation.
If a blotter picks up oil spots concentrated on the forehead, nose and chin, then you have combination skin.
Combination skin is the most common skin type, exhibiting both dry and oily areas to all three of the aforementioned skin types. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zone and normal to dry on the cheeks and eye area and characterized by overly dilated pores, blackheads and a shiny T-zone area.
Rosacea is a common, chronic, incurable, adult acne like skin condition that is easily controllable and manageable with careful skincare.
Rosacea commonly affects the central third of the face, especially the nose, and has periodic ups and downs (flares and remissions).
Rosacea symptoms and signs include
redness of the face (easy facial blushing or flushing)
tiny red pimples and fine red lines (telangiectasias) on the facial skin
rhinophyma (an enlarged, bulbous red nose)
eye problems, such as swollen, red eyelids, conjunctivitis, and rosacea keratitis
Rosacea may be mistaken for rosy cheeks, sunburn, or quite often, acne.
Rosacea triggers include alcohol, hot or spicy foods, emotional stress, and heat.
Rosacea can be a very bothersome and embarrassing condition.
Untreated rosacea tends to worsen over the time
Male skin is not simply "mens skin" it can have many characteristics with differences from aging, pigmentation, sensitivity, acne and lifestyle.
One key factor is andogens of which the chief horomone is testosterone which contribute to male skin being thicker (increased collagen, elastin and hair follicles).
Testosterone increases sebum production by the sebaceous glands, a complex made up of cholesterol, free fatty acids, glycerides, squalene, and wax esters. Sebum provides protection from envinmental agents + prevents water loss however can contribute to adolsent acne.
From mid to late 20's testosterone levels decline and may contribute to hair and skin changes.
Environmental effects include daily UV exposure and shaving, these effects are more pronounced with fair skin.
Skin detox can mean many things.
Think of it as cleansing skin and removing impurities, toxins, pollutants, including dead skin cells to renew and revitalise your skin, its health and appearance.
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